Patent concerning device for surgical interventions

Currently, sometechniques, such as laparoscopy, endoscopic surgery and vascular surgery, have significantly reduced the operative field of surgery compared to that of open operations.

Likewise instruments, such as catheters and endotracheal tubes, have decreased the invasiveness of previous methods.

The claimed device can concentrate more instruments and more functions even in a single restricted space, thus minimizing the opening for the surgical intervention and the operating field.

Through the device, several surgical instruments operate simultaneously and in coordination, very close to the point of operation. The operating ends of the instruments are miniaturized as much as possible and have high surgical precision.

For particular surgical interventions, part of the device can also be inserted into orifices and channels, natural and artificial of the human body.

In particular cases, at the end of the surgery, a part of the device, due to its small size, can be left in place for the time necessary for drainage, inspection and topical therapy.

Using different types of perceiving instruments, the device perceives the reality of the operating field, processes it and, in real time, makes the representations of the reality and reality processed and the clinical parameters of the operand available to the surgeon.

The surgeon viewing these realities, through particular input tools and through actuators that operate the operating ends, performs the surgical actions.

A part of the device is necessarily in the aseptic field, the remaining part can be, more appropriately and profitably, in the non-aseptic field.

The positions of the surgeon or surgeons, if there are more than one, allow the complete adjustment of the posture even during surgery, the surgeon can stand or sit.

The ergonomics, the structure and the functioning of the input tools allow to perform even complex surgical actions, through different operative tools that operate in concert.

In many interventions the current postures and actions of the surgeon involve not a little effort, during some interventions, for example in laparoscopy, some parts of the hands, for example the thumb, can also feel pain.

The aforementioned ergonomics enhances and respects the wealth of movements that the surgeon's arms, forearms, wrists, hands and fingers can perform.

The kinematics and dynamics of the operative tools can differ, and even radically, from the kinematics and dynamics of the input tools and therefore from those of the surgeon's arms and hands.

The steering wheel of a modern car is aided by power steering and the various commands, which in recent times have multiplied above it, require minimal effort to command actions that can actually be very burdensome.

Current heavy and tiring surgical actions can be performed, through the device, with minimal effort, to the advantage of sensitivity and concentration. 

Patent application filed